Abel, Jessica.  "Comic Definition."  10 April 2003 <>.

Cartoonist Jessica Abel presents a graphic definition of graphic novels.  The one page image entitled, "What is a Graphic Novel" is formatted as a comic book page featuring a woman who explains how to read the page and even includes directional arrows to assist the reader.

Creel, Stacey.  Presenter at the Texas Library Association 2003 Annual Conference.  3 April 2003.

The presentation at the George R. Brown convention center in Houston, Texas was entitled,  "It's Not a Comic Book!  It's Not a Genre!  It's a Graphic Novel!"  As the manager of the Houston Public Library Youth Services department Ms. Creel shared her marketing techniques, trials & tribulations, sample collection policy statements and cataloging methods with respect to graphic novels. 

Diamond Comics.  10 April 2003 <>.

Diamond Comics is the largest distributor of comics in the United States.  This link is titled, "Librarians" and includes audience and genre classifications, reviews, a glossary, cataloging information and lesson plans.

Gorman, Michele.  "What Teens Want."  School Library Journal. 9 April 2003 <>.

Ms. Gorman's article includes sections on building your collection, catering to your community, cataloging, displaying and circulating graphic novels as well as a list of 30 titles which describes as "A Core Collection of Graphic Novels."  Each title listed includes a brief description.

"Graphic Novels in Libraries." 9 April 2003 <>

This listserv was created as a collaborative method for librarians who are not completely comfortable with the graphic novel format.  It is intended to be used as a resource for librarians to share their thoughts and ask questions of one another.

Jones, Patrick.  Presenter at the Texas Library Association 2003 Annual Conference.  3 April 2003.

The presentation at the George R. Brown convention center in Houston, Texas was entitled,  "It's Not a Comic Book!  It's Not a Genre!  It's a Graphic Novel!"  As the co-author of Creating a Young Adult Core Collection, Mr. Jones made a case for graphic format using the examples of large print books purchased for older readers and cardboard books purchased for toddlers stating, "including graphic novels in your collection shows users you respect their interests."  He continued by saying "the reason teenage boys don't read is because they are not good at it" and suggested visiting or reading "Reading Don't Fix no Chevy's" by Michael Smith.  As for the question brought up about shelving and theft he responded, "get over it - they're reading it (graphic novels)!"

Kan, Kat.  "Getting Graphic:  At The School Library."  Library Media Connection.  April/May 2003:  14-19.

In Ms. Kan's article she discusses the what, why, and how of graphic novels.  She defines Manga which are Japanese comics very popular with teenagers and divides her recommended titles into three categories; Library Must Haves; Kat's Recommendations, If the Budget Allows; and Kat's Manga Recommendations.

Mooney, Maureen.  "Graphic Novels:  How They Can Work in Libraries."  Book Report.  Nov/Dec 2002:  18-19.

Her article discusses the popularity of graphic novels and how it relates to libraries which she says, "if you acquire graphic novels, young adults will come."  She explains the challenges presented and provides possible solutions.  In addition to promotion ideas she also includes a section on how to integrate state standards by including graphic novels in your curriculum.

"No Flying No Tights."  10 April 2003 <>.

This bimonthly review website offers navigational choices of superheroes, fantasy, science fiction, humor, nonfiction, historical fiction, crime & suspense, realism, action & adventure, romance or horror.  Also included are an index by creator, title and publisher as well as core lists to help you figure out "what to get with what you've got."

Texas Center for Reading and Language Arts.  "Professional Development Guide:  Teaching the Viewing and Representing Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills in the English Language Arts Curriculum."  7 April 2003 <>.

The collaborative efforts of the College of Education at the University of Texas at Austin , the Texas Education Agency and the Region XIII Education Service Center have produced this professional development guide designed as a resource for educators providing detailed lesson plans for the reading and language arts TEKS.   

Texas Education Agency.  "Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills."  7 April 2003 <>.

The Division of Curriculum and Professional Development oversees the development and implementation of the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) in public schools.  The link above provides detailed curriculum requirements for students in PK-12th grade.

Weiner, Stephen.  "Beyond Superheroes:  Comics Get Serious."  Library Journal.  Feb. 2002:  55-58.

This article presents advice on comic books and graphic novels and includes;  a definition of the term graphic novel; collection, evaluation and promotion ideas; a list of series and single volume graphic novels with brief descriptions.


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